Transitions from Temporary to Permanent Work in Canada: Who Makes the Transition and Why?
- 244 Downloads
The focus of this paper is on a microeconomic analysis of the annual transition rate from temporary to permanent work of individual workers in Canada for the period 1999–2004. Given that a large proportion of temporary employment is involuntary, an understanding of the factors associated with the transition to permanent work may inform public policy. Factors associated with the transition, namely, human capital, household structures and labour market segmentation are analyzed using data from the Statistics Canada’s Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) for the period 1999–2004, limited to paid workers aged 20–64 years, excluding students. Among the key factors associated with the transitions are younger age and low unemployment rates. The analysis adds to the Canadian and international literature on transitions from temporary to permanent work.
KeywordsTransition rates Temporary Permanent jobs Labour market flexibility Canada
The authors thank Workshop participants for helpful comments, especially David Green.
- Baker, D., Glyn, A., Howell, D., & Schmitt, J. (2004). Unemployment and labor market institutions: The failure of the empirical case for deregulation. Report to the International Labour Organization and available at http://www.newschool.edu/cepa/.
- Bentolila, S., & Dolado, J. J. (1994). Labour flexibility and wages: Lessons from Spain. Economic Policy, 18, 54–99.Google Scholar
- Blanchard, O., & Landier, A. (2001). The perverse effects of partial labour market reform: Fixed term contracts in France. Economic Journal, 112, 829–853.Google Scholar
- Blank, R. (1994). The dynamics of part-time work. NBER, Working Paper No. 4911.Google Scholar
- Doeringer, P. B., & Piore, M. J. (1971). Internal labor markets and manpower analysis. Lexington: D.C. Heath.Google Scholar
- Fuller, S., & Vosko, L. (2008). Temporary employment and social inequality in Canada: Exploring intersections of gender, race, and immigration status.Google Scholar
- Galarneau, D. (2005). Earnings of temporary versus permanent employees. Perspectives on Labour and Income, 17(1), 40–53.Google Scholar
- Janz, T. (2004). Low-paid employment and ‘moving up’. Income Statistics Division, Income research paper series, Statistics Canada.Google Scholar
- Kapsalis, C., & Tourigny, P. (2005). Duration of non-standard employment. Perspectives on Labour and Income, 17(1), 31–39.Google Scholar
- MacPhail, F., & Bowles, P. (2008). Temporary work and neoliberal government policy: Evidence from British Columbia, Canada. International Review of Applied Economics.Google Scholar
- Morissette, R., & Johnson, A. (2005). Are good jobs disappearing in Canada? Analytical Studies Research Paper Series, No. 239. Statistics Canada.Google Scholar
- Noreau, N. (2000). Longitudinal aspect of involuntary part-time employment. Income Statistics Division, Statistics Canada.Google Scholar
- Polivka, A. E. (1996). Into contingent and alternative employment: by choice? Monthly Labor Review, 119(10), 55–74.Google Scholar
- Segal, L. M., & Sullivan, D. G. (1997). The growth of temporary services work. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11(2), 117–136.Google Scholar
- Vosko, L., Zukewich, N., & Cranford, C. (2003). Precarious jobs: A new typology of employment. Perspectives on Labour and Income, 15(5), 39–49.Google Scholar
- Wiens-Tuers, B. A. (2001). Employee attachment and temporary workers. Journal of Economic Issues, 35(1), 45–48. Google Scholar