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An Empirical Approach to the Study of Well-being Among Rural Men and Women in Ghana


The paper indicates using community development and sustainable livelihood theories as lenses that well-being indicators vary among societies, especially in developing countries due cultural differences. The study which was carried in three rural communities in Ho Municipality in the Ghana was to show the extent to which men’s and women’s sense of well-being were determined by their local economic, religious, social, and education indicators; all of which were driven by their cultural values. Since men and women placed different values on religious, social, economic, education indicators, the paper discusses that their importance to overall well-being also differs between men and women.

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We are grateful to International Development Research Centre (IDRC) which provided the financial support for this research.

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Correspondence to Frank Sena Arku.

Annex One: Questionnaire

Annex One: Questionnaire

General Information

  1. 1.

    Village Affiliation. 1. Avenui Awudome 2. Dededo 3. Taviefe Aviefe

  2. 2.

    Gender. 1. Female 2. Male

  3. 3.


  4. 4.

    Level of Education: 1. No Formal Education 2. Primary 3. Middle/JSS 4. Sec/Voc 5. Tertiary

  5. 5.

    What is the main economic activity of the household? 1. Cash crop 2. Subsistence 3. Non-agriculturalist 4. Other

Well-being Indicators

Are the following the indicators of well-being?

How important are the indicators of well-being to you between 2000 and 2005?

How important are the indicators of well-being to you in 2006 and 2007?

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Arku, F.S., Filson, G.C. & Shute, J. An Empirical Approach to the Study of Well-being Among Rural Men and Women in Ghana. Soc Indic Res 88, 365–387 (2008).

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  • Community development
  • Sustainable livelihood
  • Rural
  • Ghana
  • Economic
  • Social
  • Religious
  • Education