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Microaggressions as a Framework for Understanding Women’s STEM Career Experiences in Lebanon

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In this paper, we draw on qualitative data from 21 women working in diverse Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) fields in Lebanon to explore how they experienced gendered microaggressions at work and how they navigated them. We use the subcategories of gendered microaggressions developed by Nadal (2010) to highlight the various micro aggressive behaviors the women faced including aspects of micro-assaults, microinsults, and microinvalidations. We then provide four navigation tactics the women adopted to address these microaggressions. This research on women in STEM careers in Lebanon extends and contributes to the gender and organization literature in multiple ways, and highlights implications for human resource management professionals and career counselors.

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Data Availability

The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon request.


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This study was generously funded by the University Research Board (URB) at the American University of Beirut.

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Correspondence to Yasmeen Makarem.

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Makarem, Y., Metcalfe, B. Microaggressions as a Framework for Understanding Women’s STEM Career Experiences in Lebanon. Sex Roles 89, 155–173 (2023).

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