Sex Roles

, Volume 81, Issue 1–2, pp 74–86 | Cite as

Does Traditional Stereotyping of Career as Male Affect College Women’s, but Not College Men’s, Career Decision Self-Efficacy and Ultimately Their Career Adaptability?

  • Yun-Jeong Shin
  • Eun Sul LeeEmail author
  • Yumi Seo
Original Article


In South Korea, strong beliefs about traditional gender roles in accordance with Confucian and patriarchic atmosphere still strongly influence daily life and the career development process. Cultural and contextual factors impact the development of gender role socialization, which influences an individual’s career decision self-efficacy (CDSE) and adaptability to manage the challenging career decision-making process. In our study, we recruited 291 South Korean undergraduate students (138 women, 153 men) and investigated how an implicit gender-career stereotyping impacts career adaptability via CDSE and whether there is a gender difference on the direct and indirect effects of implicit gender-career stereotyping on career adaptability. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) was implemented to measure implicit gender-career stereotyping. By testing a moderated mediation model, we found a mediated effect of CDSE in the link between implicit gender-career stereotyping and career adaptability in the female students. Moreover, the direct relationship between implicit gender-career stereotyping and CDSE was significant only for female students. Given the findings, practitioners and educators who work with South Korean women need to explore the degree of clients’ traditional gender role stereotyping and provide tailored interventions to increase their level of career adaptability by minimizing the negative impacts of gender role stereotyping and by increasing CDSE.


Gender-career stereotyping Career decision self-efficacy Career adaptability Implicit association test (IAT) Gender difference 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research Involving Human Participants and/or Animals

The authors verify that this manuscript describes a study wherein humans were subjects, the treatment of human subjects was in accordance with established ethical guidelines and appropriate institutional approval. The research that this manuscript reports was approved by the University of Seoul IRB where the first author, Yun-Jeong Shin, is affiliated.

Informed Consent

The authors verify that every participant for a study that this manuscript describes provided written informed consent. In prior to give informed consent, all participants were provided with detailed information of study. Written information about the study includes research purpose and procedures, potential risks and benefits of participation, confidentiality, and compensation and highlighted voluntary participation.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of EducationUniversity of SeoulSeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of EducationSejong UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.College of Business AdministrationUniversity of SeoulSeoulRepublic of Korea

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