Trans Prejudice in Sport: Differences from LGB Prejudice, the Influence of Gender, and Changes over Time

Abstract

The purpose of our study was to examine prejudice toward trans individuals in sport. Questionnaire data were collected from separate, albeit demographically similar, samples of students in 2007 (n = 199) and 2014 (n = 124). Results indicate that trans prejudice was higher than prejudice expressed toward lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals and that these differences remained over time. There were no gender differences as women and men expressed the same degrees of trans prejudice. Finally, trans prejudice significantly decreased over time, although the magnitude of the change was not as large as the corresponding decrease in LGB prejudice. Study findings suggest that although prejudice against trans individuals has decreased, additional interventions and prejudice reduction efforts are needed.

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Acknowledgement

The authors contributed equally to this work, and their names are listed alphabetically.

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Correspondence to George B. Cunningham.

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The authors have no conflict of interest.

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All participants provided informed consent to participate.

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The study was approved by the Texas A&M University Institutional Review Board.

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Cunningham, G.B., Pickett, A.C. Trans Prejudice in Sport: Differences from LGB Prejudice, the Influence of Gender, and Changes over Time. Sex Roles 78, 220–227 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-017-0791-6

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Keywords

  • LGBT
  • Transgender
  • Trans
  • Prejudice
  • Gender
  • Sport