Sex Roles

, Volume 71, Issue 1–2, pp 1–6 | Cite as

Interpersonal Mistreatment of Women in the Workplace

  • George B. CunninghamEmail author
  • Mindy E. Bergman
  • Kathi N. Miner
Original Article


The purpose of this paper is to introduce the work included in the special issue: Interpersonal Mistreatment of Women in the Workplace. In doing so, the authors develop a multilevel conceptual model, illustrating how the research included in the special issue address causes and consequences of interpersonal mistreatment at the micro, meso, and macro-level of analysis. In addition, the integrated model demonstrates how factors at different levels both influence and are influenced by those at other levels of analysis. Based on this collective work, the authors encourage researchers interested in addressing the mistreatment and marginalization of less powerful groups to consider the multilevel causes and consequences of such behavior. It is only through holistic examinations that researchers can we fully understand this insidious problem and encourage people—whether likely targets of mistreatment or not—to take a stand to end this treatment in workplaces and other society as a whole.


Mistreatment Gender Workplace Multilevel analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • George B. Cunningham
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mindy E. Bergman
    • 2
  • Kathi N. Miner
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Education and Human DevelopmentTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  3. 3.Psychology Department and Women’s and Gender StudiesTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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