Male Narcissism and Attitudes Toward Heterosexual Women and Men, Lesbian Women, and Gay Men: Hostility toward Heterosexual Women Most of All
- 827 Downloads
The present study investigated links between heterosexual men’s narcissism and attitudes toward heterosexual and non-heterosexual women and men. Male narcissism was predicted to be associated with hostility toward heterosexual women more than toward other groups, indicating investment in patriarchal power more than in conservative gender ideology or nonspecific disdain toward all people. Hierarchical regression analyses of responses from 104 male undergraduates (95% Caucasian) from Ohio in the U.S. supported the hypothesis that men’s narcissism is related most robustly to hostility toward women, rather than to equivalent derogation of all groups. Moreover, men’s narcissism is not merely a maker of traditional gender ideology, but instead is associated with favorable attitudes toward lesbian women and is unrelated to attitudes toward gay men.
KeywordsNarcissism Ambivalent sexism Benevolent sexism Attitudes toward women Attitudes toward men Attitudes toward homosexuality
The author thanks David DeLong and two anonymous reviewers for providing helpful feedback on previous drafts of this paper; Lynzee Abel and Erica Salisbury for assistance with data collection; and Julie Cremeans-Smith, Lee Fox-Cardamone, Deborah A. Jones, Robin Lashley, and Brad Shepherd for permitting the recruitment of research participants from their classes.
- Campbell, W. K., Brunell, A. B., & Finkel, E. J. (2006). Narcissism, interpersonal self-regulation, and romantic relationships: An Agency Model approach. In K. D. Vohs & E. J. Finkel (Eds.), Self and relationships: Connecting intrapersonal and interpersonal processes (pp. 57–83). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Glick, P., & Fiske, T. (2001). An ambivalent alliance: Hostile and benevolent sexism as complementary justifications for gender inequality. American Psychologist, 56(2), 109–118.Google Scholar
- Herek, G. M. (1998). The Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men (ATLG) scale. In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G. Schreer, & S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (pp. 392–394). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Hurlbert, D. F., Apt, C., Gasar, S., Wilson, N. E., & Murphy, Y. (1994). Sexual narcissism: A validation study. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 20, 24–34.Google Scholar
- Kite, M. E., & Whitley, B. E. (1998). Do heterosexual women and men differ in their attitudes toward homosexuality? A conceptual and methodological analysis. In G. Herek (Ed.), Stigma and sexual orientation: Understanding prejudice against lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (pp. 39–61). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Kohut, H. (1972). Thoughts on narcissism and narcissistic rage. The Psychoanalytic study of the child, 27, 360–399.Google Scholar
- Kohut, H., & Wolf, E. S. (1978). The disorders of the self and their treatment: An outline. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 59, 413–425.Google Scholar
- Paulhus, D. L. (1991). Measurement and control of response bias. In J. P. Robinson, P. R. Shaver, & L. S. Wrightsman (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes (pp. 17–59). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Sandler, J., Person, E. S., & Fonagy, P. (Eds.). (1991). Freud’s “On narcissism: An introduction”. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar