Sex Roles

, Volume 61, Issue 3–4, pp 178–191 | Cite as

The Effects of Contact on Sexual Prejudice: A Meta-Analysis

  • Sara J. SmithEmail author
  • Amber M. Axelton
  • Donald A. Saucier
Original Article


A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between contact and sexual prejudice. A quantitative synthesis with 83 effect sizes from 41 articles, using mostly samples from the United States, showed a significant negative relationship between contact and sexual prejudice. Among six possible moderators tested (type of sexual prejudice scale used, correlational versus experimental studies, attitudes toward lesbians versus gay men, publication year, quality of study, and where study was conducted), three were shown to significantly moderate the relationship between contact and sexual prejudice. The relationship between contact and sexual prejudice varied as a function of the type of sexual prejudice measure used, the target group toward which the prejudicial attitudes were assessed, and where the study was conducted.


Meta-analysis Intergroup contact Gay Lesbian Sexual prejudice 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sara J. Smith
    • 1
    Email author
  • Amber M. Axelton
    • 1
  • Donald A. Saucier
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA

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