Sex Roles

, Volume 60, Issue 1–2, pp 100–113 | Cite as

Gender, Sexual Prejudice and Sport Participation: Implications for Sexual Minorities

Original Article


Utilizing the compulsory heterosexuality framework, the purpose of this inquiry was to assess the influence of gender and sexual prejudice on decision-making within sport. In Study 1, responses from former and current athletes within the United States (N = 229) indicated that prejudicial attitudes predicted unwillingness to participate when a coach was identified as gay or lesbian. A mixed-methods approach was used in Study 2 to assess the attitudes of American parents (N = 76). Parent’s prejudicial attitudes toward gays and lesbians predicted unwillingness to allow a homosexual to coach their children; justification of which was most often based on negative gay and lesbian stereotypes. Implications for these findings are discussed.


Sexual prejudice Sport Coaches Sexual orientation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Exercise and Sport ScienceEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Health and KinesiologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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