Disordered Eating in Undergraduates: Does Gender Role Orientation Influence Men and Women the Same Way?
- 658 Downloads
Previous studies have examined the influence of femininity on disordered eating behavior in female undergraduates, but few studies have examined the relation between gender roles and disordered eating in male undergraduates. The present study examined whether gender roles relate to disordered eating behaviors the same way in male and female undergraduates. 512 undergraduates (58% female) at a large university in the Pacific West region of the United States responded to a survey asking about eating behaviors and gender role orientation. Women displayed higher levels of disordered eating than did men. Undifferentiated and masculine women had higher levels of disordered eating than did androgynous women, whereas undifferentiated and feminine men had higher levels of disordered eating than did masculine and androgynous men.
KeywordsGender roles Disordered eating College students Gender
- Milligan, B., & Pritchard, M. E. (2006). The relationship between gender, sport, self-esteem and eating disordered behaviors in Division I athletes. Athletic Insight, 8, 9–43.Google Scholar
- Raudenbush, B., & Zellner, D. A. (1997). Nobody’s satisfied: effects of abnormal eating behaviors and actual and perceived weight status on body image satisfaction in males and females. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 16, 95–110.Google Scholar
- Smolak, L., & Levine, M. P. (1994). Toward an empirical basis for primary prevention of eating problems with elementary school-children. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 2, 293–307.Google Scholar