Rape myth acceptance has been extensively studied. Little research is available, however, on the relationship of this variable to other oppressive belief systems. A sample of 492 male and 506 female college students completed the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale, the Attitudes Toward Women Scale (short form), the Neosexism Scale, the Modern and Old Fashioned Racism Scale, the Modern Homophobia Scale, a modified version of the Economic Belief Scale, the Fraboni Scale of Ageism, and the Marlowe–Crowne Social Desirability Scale (short form). Because there were no existing measures of intolerance toward multiple religions, the Religious Intolerance Scale was developed for this study (using relevant items from the Godfrey Richman Isms Scale). Findings here suggested that greater racism (both modern and old fashioned), sexism (both modern and old fashioned), homophobia (toward both gay men and lesbians), ageism, classism, and religious intolerance were each associated with greater rape myth acceptance. Moreover, each belief system collectively added to the prediction of rape myth acceptance, although sexism has the highest overlap with rape myth acceptance. Although gender did not moderate the relationship between oppressive belief systems and rape myth acceptance, results, across analyses, did indicate that men reported greater rape myth acceptance than women did. Results point to the interrelatedness of rape myth acceptance, racism, sexism, homophobia, classism, ageism, and religious intolerance.
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Modified Economic Beliefs Scale.
|People who stay on welfare have no desire to worka|
|Welfare keeps the nation in debta|
|People who don’t make much money are generally unmotivateda|
|Equal educational opportunities exist for all people in our societya|
|Homeless people should get their acts together and become productive members of societya|
|Too many of my tax dollars are spent to take care of those who are unwilling to take care of themselvesa|
|If every individual would carry his/her own weight, there would be no povertya|
|There are more poor people than wealthy people in prisons because poor people commit more crimesa|
|Poor people are lazy|
|Most poor people should not have children until they can afford to take care of them|
|Most poor people aren’t very smart|
|If given the chance, a poor person would be able to keep a job|
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|People living in poverty would rather commit crimes for financial gain than work for a living|
Religious Intolerance Scale.
|Christians are intolerant of people with other religious beliefsa|
|Catholics have a “holier than thou” attitudea|
|Jewish people are deceitful and money hungrya|
|Athiests and agnostics are more self-centered than people from other religious groupsa|
|Muslims are more treacherous than other groups of religious peoplea|
|Wiccan and pagan people practice thinly veiled evil|
|Many of the social problems in the US today are due to non-Christian religious groups|
|The Hindu beliefs about reincarnation results in people not taking responsibility for their actions in this life since there is always the next life|
|Despite what Buddhist people may say, Buddhism isn’t really a religion, but more of a philosophy|
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Aosved, A.C., Long, P.J. Co-occurrence of Rape Myth Acceptance, Sexism, Racism, Homophobia, Ageism, Classism, and Religious Intolerance. Sex Roles 55, 481–492 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-006-9101-4
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