Sex Roles

, Volume 53, Issue 9–10, pp 647–661

Black Adolescent Girls: Do Gender Role and Racial Identity: Impact Their Self-Esteem?



This study was designed to explore Black adolescent girls' gender roles, racial identity, and self-esteem. These variables have not been examined together in a study of Black girls, yet studies of girls from other racial/cultural groups have demonstrated significant relationships. This type of exploration is important because Black girls do not experience the same declines in self-esteem as girls from other racial/cultural groups. Gender role orientation and racial identity have been put forth as possible explanations for Black girls' bolstered levels of self-esteem. Results indicated that Black girls with androgynous and masculine characteristics reported high levels of self-esteem. The results also indicated that Black girls with internally defined Black racial identity attitudes reported high levels of domain-specific self-esteem. In addition, androgyny was associated with high scores on internalization (Black racial identity).

Key Words

Black girls gender roles racial identity self-esteem 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hunter CollegeCity University of New YorkNew York
  2. 2.Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityNew York
  3. 3.Department of Educational Foundations and Counseling ProgramsHunter College, CUNYNew York

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