Sex Roles

, Volume 53, Issue 5–6, pp 419–431 | Cite as

Psychosocial Predictors of Psychological Distress in Taiwanese Secondary School Boys and Girls

  • Zuway-R. HongEmail author
  • Patricia McCarthy Veach
  • Frances Lawrenz


This study was designed to investigate predictors of psychological distress in secondary school boys (n =779) and girls (n = 893) in Taiwan. Participants completed anxiety and depression scales as part of a larger study. Gender, GPA, parenting practices, self-esteem, and personality/satisfaction were significantly correlated with psychological distress. Significant gender differences were found in students' psychological distress, GPA, stereotyped thinking, academic self-expectations, parental expectations, parenting practices, and mother's education level. Stepwise regressions revealed that self-esteem was the only significant predictor for boys; it accounted for 40.9% of the variance in their psychological distress. GPA, family income, self-esteem, and parenting practices were significant predictors for girls; they accounted for 42.6% of the variance in girls' psychological distress. Research recommendations and educational implications are discussed.


psychological distress Taiwan secondary school boys and girls mental health 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zuway-R. Hong
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Patricia McCarthy Veach
    • 2
  • Frances Lawrenz
    • 2
  1. 1.Tainan Woman's College of Arts and TechnologyTaiwan
  2. 2.University of MinnesotaMinneapolis
  3. 3.San Ming DistrictTaiwan

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