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Table 2 Effectiveness of fact-checking broken down at sub-task levels (Sequence, Status, and Gene) for 1679 nucleotide sequences occurring in papers considered in three formats: Markup language provided by publishers (ML) versus text extracted by running Grobid (GB) and pdftotext (PT) on PDF files

From: Flagging incorrect nucleotide sequence reagents in biomedical papers: To what extent does the leading publication format impede automatic error detection?