, Volume 119, Issue 2, pp 561–593 | Cite as

Examining the moderating effect of technology spillovers embedded in the intra- and inter-regional collaborative innovation networks of China

  • Chongfeng Wang
  • Gupeng ZhangEmail author


Innovation network formulated by the collaborations between entities (firms, universities and research institutes) facilitates the technology spillovers, which usually act as a key factor that boosts indigenous innovation capability. This study analyzes the collaborative innovation network from both intra- and inter-regional dimensions. We use the Chinese biomedical patent co-inventing data between entities to construct the intra- and inter-regional collaborative innovation networks, and examine how they generate the spillover effect by moderating the relationship between R&D input and output, as well as how they moderate the technology spillovers from overseas countries. The empirical study shows that collaborative innovation network generates a significant moderating effect on the relationship between R&D personnel and innovation output, while this effect is insignificant for R&D investment. In the intra-regional collaborative innovation network dimension, clustering coefficient and network density generate positive moderating effects by amplifying the positive relationship between R&D personnel and innovation output, network density also positively moderates the correlation between overseas technology spillover and innovation output; In the inter-regional dimension, only the clustering coefficient positively moderates the relationship between R&D personnel and innovation output. Our study is also relevant to policy makers.


Technology spillovers Multi-level network Collaborative innovation Moderating effect Innovation output 



Funding was provided by National Natural Science Foundation of China (71872169, 71810107004), National Social Science Foundation of China (15BGL027), University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Y8540XX1P2), and Bureau of Planning and Strategy, Chinese Academy of Sciences (GHJ-ZLZX-2019-33-2).


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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public Policy and ManagementUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Business SchoolQingdao UniversityQingdaoChina

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