Skip to main content
Log in

Mapping past, current and future energy research trend in Pakistan: a scientometric assessment

  • Published:
Scientometrics Aims and scope Submit manuscript


This work describes the contribution of researchers in the field of the energy from Pakistan in the period 1990–2016. A scientometric approach was applied to analyze the scientific publications in the field using the Scopus Elsevier database. Different aspects of the publications were analyzed, such as publication type, major research areas, journals, citations, authorship pattern, affiliations as well as the keyword occurrence frequency. The present research trends are analyzed and future research directions are outlined. The impact factor, h-index and number of citations were used to investigate the strength of active institutes, authors, and journals in the field of the energy in Pakistan. From 1990 to 2016, 991 articles have been published by 2139 authors from 213 research institutes. The total number of citations and impact factor are 10,287 and 2301 respectively, corresponding to 10 citations per paper and an impact factor of 2.32 per publication. The research articles originate primarily from COMSATS, NUST, PIEAS, and PINSTECH. Pakistan has published 60% of publication with the collaboration of the foreign institutes, mainly from the United States, the United Kingdom, China and Malaysia. The core research activities in the field are mainly focused on resource assessment, energy policy, energy efficiency, feasibility study, energy economics, and performance assessment. The most productive journal, author, institution, are renewable & sustainable energy review, Shahbaz M., and COMSATS, respectively.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Sum of impact factor of all the publications from 1990 to 2016 in the field of energy in Pakistan.

  2. Authors who have published more than 4 research articles in the field of energy in Pakistan.

  3. Articles that have more than 50 citations.


\(D_{\text{a}}\) :

Auctorial collaboration degree

\(D_{\text{i}}\) :

Institutional collaboration degree

\(D_{\text{n}}\) :

National collaboration degree

\(S_{pq}\) :

Standard research score

\(\alpha_{i}\) :

Number of the authors

\(\beta_{i}\) :

Number of the institutions

\(\gamma_{i}\) :

Number of the countries




Citations per publication


Hot articles


Hot articles citations


Impact Factor


Impact Factor per publication


Journal Citation Report


Lahore University of Management Sciences


National University of Science and Technology


Productive authors


Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences


Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology


Punjab University


Quaid-e-Azam University


University of Engineering and Technology


Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Muhammad Imran.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Farooq, M., Asim, M., Imran, M. et al. Mapping past, current and future energy research trend in Pakistan: a scientometric assessment. Scientometrics 117, 1733–1753 (2018).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: