Why highly cited articles are not highly tweeted? A biology case
Altmetrics is an emerging topic that has generated much interest. Most of the studies, however, have focused on the comparison of altemetric indicators with traditional citation metrics and few have explored the factors influencing altmetric performance. This study investigates the dissemination pattern of scientific articles on social medial, and is particularly focused on highly tweeted articles and highly cited articles. Based on bibliometric and altmetric data collected for over 40,000 articles in the field of biology, we found that the timing of tweets and the type of Twitter accounts affect the amount of attention that a scientific publication receives on social media. Articles with a large number of tweets tend to be the ones receiving immediate social media exposure and are often tweeted by journal associated organization accounts or other individual accounts with a large number of followers. By contrast, highly cited articles in general are neither tweeted timely nor promoted by their respective journal accounts.
KeywordsPublication Citation Tweet Twitter users Timing of tweet
- Bar-Ilan, J., Haustein, S., Peters, I., Priem, J., Shema, H., & Terliesner, J. (2012). Beyond citations: Scholars’ visibility on the social web. arXiv:1205.5611.
- Bernal, J. D. (1939). The social function of science. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd.Google Scholar
- Haustein, S., Peters, I., Sugimoto, C. R., Thelwall, M., & Larivière, V. (2014). Tweeting biomedicine: An analysis of tweets and citations in the biomedical literature. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 65(4), 656–669.Google Scholar
- HEFCE. (2011). Decisions onassessing research impact. Bristol: Higher Education Funding Council for England.Google Scholar
- Moed, H. F. (2016). Altmetrics as traces of the computerization of the research process. In C. R. Sugimoto (Ed.), Theories of informetrics and scholarly communication. A Festschrift in honor of Blaise Cronin (pp. 360–371). Berlin: De Gruyter.Google Scholar
- Petrovic, S., Osborne, M., McCreadie, R., Macdonald, C., Ounis, I., & Shrimpton, L. (2013). Can twitter replace newswire for breaking news? In Proceedings of the seventh international AAAI conference on weblogs and social media (pp. 713–716).Google Scholar
- Priem, J., Piwowar, H. A., & Hemminger, B. M. (2012). Altmetrics in the wild: Using social media to explore scholarly impact. arXiv:1203.4745.
- Priem, J., Taraborelli, D., Groth, P., & Neylon, C. (2010). Altmetrics: A manifesto. Retrieved 10 Mar 2017 from http://altmetrics.org/manifesto.
- Subašic, I., & Berendt, B. (2011). Peddling or creating? Investigating the role of twitter in news reporting. In P. Clough, C. Foley, C. Gurrin, G. Jones, W. Kraaij, H. Lee, & V. Murdock (Eds.), Advances in information retrieval: 33rd European Conference on IR Research (Vol. 6611, pp. 207–213). Heidelberg: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wouters, P., & Costas, R. (2012). Users, narcissism and control: Tracking the impact of scholarly publications in the 21st century. Utrecht: SURFfoundation.Google Scholar
- Zhao, W. X., Jiang, J., Weng, J., He, J., Lim, E. P., Yan, H., & Li, X. (2011). Comparing twitter and traditional media using topic models. In European conference on information retrieval. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Vol. 6611, pp. 338–349).Google Scholar