The present study sought to examine the trend and impact of international collaboration in scientific research in Vietnam during the period after the introduction of the a reform policy and the normalization of relations with the United States. Using the Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science data (2001–2015) we found that 77% of Vietnam’s scientific output (n = 18,044 papers) involved international collaborations, with the United States and Japan researchers being the most frequent partners. The proportion of international collaborations has decreased slightly over time at the expense of an increased rate of domestic collaborations. The rate of growth in Vietnam’s scientific output was 17% per annum, and three-quarters of the growth was associated with international collaborations rather than purely domestic production. Moreover, internationally coauthored papers received twice the average citation as domestic papers. Of note, papers with overseas corresponding author had higher citation rate than papers with domestic corresponding author. These data suggest that the vast majority of scientific papers from Vietnam was attributable to international collaboration, and this had a positive impact on the quality and visibility of Vietnam science. The data also indicate that Vietnam is in the growth phase of building up research capacity.
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Professor Tuan V. Nguyen’s work is supported by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council. We thank Professor Robert M. Graham of the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute (Australia) for his personal interest of this work and his thoughtful comments that improved the manuscript.
Appendix: Classification of broad research areas
Appendix: Classification of broad research areas
Statistics and probability
Social sciences—mathematical methods
Physics—atomic, molecular and chemical
Physics—condensed matter physics—fluids and plasmas
Physics—mathematical optics thermodynamics
Physics–particles and fields
Astronomy and astrophysics
Chemistry—inorganic and nuclear
Engineering and technology
Engineering—electrical and electronic
Metallurgy and metallurgical engineering
Metallurgy and mining
Construction and building technology
Instruments and instrumentation
Fuels and energy
Other engineering sciences
Geochemistry and geophysics
Meteorology and atmospheric sciences
Cardiac and cardiovascular system
Chemistry—clinical and medicinal
Dermatology and venereal diseases
Drugs and addiction
Emergency medicine and critical care
Endocrinology and metabolism
Gastroenterology and hepatology
Geriatrics and gerontology
Medical laboratory technology
Medicine—general and internal
Obstetrics and gynecology
Peripheral vascular disease
Urology and nephrology
Dentistry and odontology
Oral surgery and medicine
Public Health and Health Sciences
Drugs and addiction
Hygiene and public health
Public—environmental and occupational health
Anatomy and morphology
Cytology and histology
Medicine—research and experimental
Radiology and nuclear medicine
Pharmacology and pharmacy
Basic life sciences
Biochemistry and molecular biology
Biotechnology and applied microbiology
Genetics and heredity
Education and educational research
Information science and library science
Government and law
Social sciences—other topics
Film, radio and television
Mathematical methods in social sciences
Criminology and penology
Arts and humanities—other topics
History and philosophy of science
Business and economics
Business and economics
Operations research and management science
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Nguyen, T.V., Ho-Le, T.P. & Le, U.V. International collaboration in scientific research in Vietnam: an analysis of patterns and impact. Scientometrics 110, 1035–1051 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-016-2201-1
- Developing country
- Country effects
- International collaboration
- Citation rate
- Journal impact factor