International collaboration in scientific research in Vietnam: an analysis of patterns and impact
The present study sought to examine the trend and impact of international collaboration in scientific research in Vietnam during the period after the introduction of the a reform policy and the normalization of relations with the United States. Using the Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science data (2001–2015) we found that 77% of Vietnam’s scientific output (n = 18,044 papers) involved international collaborations, with the United States and Japan researchers being the most frequent partners. The proportion of international collaborations has decreased slightly over time at the expense of an increased rate of domestic collaborations. The rate of growth in Vietnam’s scientific output was 17% per annum, and three-quarters of the growth was associated with international collaborations rather than purely domestic production. Moreover, internationally coauthored papers received twice the average citation as domestic papers. Of note, papers with overseas corresponding author had higher citation rate than papers with domestic corresponding author. These data suggest that the vast majority of scientific papers from Vietnam was attributable to international collaboration, and this had a positive impact on the quality and visibility of Vietnam science. The data also indicate that Vietnam is in the growth phase of building up research capacity.
KeywordsVietnam Developing country Country effects Bibliometrics International collaboration Citation rate Journal impact factor
Professor Tuan V. Nguyen’s work is supported by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council. We thank Professor Robert M. Graham of the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute (Australia) for his personal interest of this work and his thoughtful comments that improved the manuscript.
- Ahn, C. Y. (1991). Technology transfer and economic development: The case of Korea. In K. Minden (Ed.), Pacific cooperation in science and technology. Honolulu: East West Center(I).Google Scholar
- Akre, O., Barone-Adesi, F., Pettersson, A., Pearce, N., Merletti, F., & Richiardi, L. (2011). Differences in citation rates by country of origin for papers published in top-ranked medical journals: do they reflect inequalities in access to publication? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 65(2), 119–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Australian Academy of Science. (2016). The importance of advanced physical, mathematical and biological sciences to the Australian economy. Australian Academy of Science: Acton.Google Scholar
- The Royal Society. (2011). Knowledge, networks and nations: Global scientific collaboration in the 21st century. London: The Royal Society.Google Scholar
- Tijssen, R. J. W., & van Leeuwen, T. N. (2003). Bibliometric analyses of world science. In Third european report on S&T indicators. European Communities.Google Scholar
- Wagner, C. S., Branmakulam, I., Jackson, B., Wong, A., & Yoda, T. (2001). Science and technology collaboration: Building capacity in developing countries (RAND, 2001). World Bank Report MR-1357.0-WB.Google Scholar
- World Bank. (2014). Science Technology and Innovation in Vietnam. OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy. Washington: World Bank.Google Scholar
- Zitt, M., & Bassecoulard, E. (2004). S&T networks and bibliometrics: The case of international scientific collaboration. In 4th Proximity Congress: Proximity, Networks and Co-ordination, Marseille (France) (p. 15), June 17, 2004.Google Scholar