This study aimed to assess the mediating role of save, discussion, and recommendation measures in the relationship between visibility and citation in biomedical articles in 2009–2013. Path analysis method was used to assess the causal relationships between the variables in this descriptive correlational study. Systematic and random stratified methods were employed for sampling. The sample size was determined to be 1892 articles using the Cochrane formula and data were gathered by using the PLOS altmetrics. The study’s model fit indices showed that visibility influences citation both directly and indirectly through the mediating role of save. Discussion had a significant, negative role in the relationship between visibility and citation, and recommendation did not have any significant mediating role in this relationship. Among the social networks presenting altmetrics, it seems that networks such as Mendeley which provide a basis for saving scientific articles have an important and significant effect on the amount of future citations through visibility metrics. This is while social networks discussing scientific findings have a negative effect on the future citation of articles through visibility metrics. This asserts that social networks based on save have an influential role as the basis of scientific interaction.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Agichtein, E., Castillo, C., Donato, D., Gionis, A., & Mishne, G. (2008). Finding high-quality content in social media. In Proceedings of the 2008 international conference on web search and data mining (pp. 183–194).
Ale Ebrahim, N., Salehi, H., Embi, M. A., Habibi, F., Gholizadeh, H., & Motahar, S. M. (2014). Visibility and citation impact. International Education Studies, 7(4), 120–125.
Allen, L., Jones, C., Dolby, K., Lynn, D., & Walport, M. (2009). Looking for landmarks: The role of expert review and bibliometric analysis in evaluating scientific publication outputs. PLoS ONE, 4(6), e5910.
Antelman, K. (2004). Do open-access articles have a greater research impact? College & Research Libraries, 65, 372–382.
Bar-Ilan, J. (2012). JASIST@ mendeley. In ACM Web Science Conference 2012 Workshop.
Bar-Ilan, J. (2014). Astrophysics publications on ArXiv, Scopus and Mendeley: A case study. Scientometrics, 100, 217–225.
Bar-Ilan, J., Haustein, S., Peters, I., Priem, J., Shema, H., & Terliesner, J. (2012). Beyond citations: Scholars visibility on the social web. In 17th international conference on science and technology indicators.
Bazrafshan, A., Haghdoost, A., & Zare, M. (2014). A comparison of downloads, readership and citations data for the Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas. Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas. Retrieved December 15, 2013 from http://dx.doi.org.
Bornmann, L. (2014). Alternative metrics in scientometrics: A meta-analysis of research into three altmetrics. Journal of Educational Sciences and Research. Retrieved December 15, 2013 from http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8010.
Bornmann, L., & Leydesdorff, L. (2013). The validation of (advanced) bibliometric indicators through peer assessments: A comparative study using data from InCites and f1000. Informetrics, 7(2), 286–291.
Brody, T., & Harnad, S. (2005). Earlier web usage statistics as predictors of later citation impact. Journal of the American Society for Information Science Technology, 57(8), 1060–1072.
Buschman, M., & Michalek, A. (2013). Are alternative metrics still alternative? Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 39(4), 35–39.
Butler, D. (2011). Experts question rankings of journals. Nature News, 478(7367), 20.
Costas, R., Zahedi, Z., & Wouters, P. (2014). Do altmetics correlate with citations? Extensive comparison of altmetric indicators with citations from a multidisciplinary perspective. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. Retrieved December 15, 2013 from http://arxiv.org.
Das, A. K., & Mishra, S. (2014). Genesis of altmetrics or article-level metrics for measuring efficacy of scholarly communications: Current perspectives. Journal of Science Research, 3, 82–92.
Davis, P. M., Lewenstein, B. V., Simon, D. H., Booth, J. G., & Connolly, M. J. (2008). Open access publishing, article downloads, and citations: Randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 337, a568. doi:10.1136/bmj.a568.
De Winter, J. C. F. (2015). The relationship between tweets, citations, and article views for PLOS ONE articles. Scientometrics, 102(2), 1773–1779.
Ebrahimy, S. (2007). The cinsiderations and limitations in using Impact Factor. Faslnameh Ketab, 18(3), 141–157. (in Persian).
Eysenbach, G. (2006). Citation advantage of open access articles. PLoS Biology, 4(5), 692.
Eysenbach, G. (2011). Can tweets predict citations? Metrics of social impact based on twitter and correlation with traditional metrics of scientific impact. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 13(4), e123. doi:10.2196/jmir.20.
Galligan, F., & Dyas-Correia, S. (2013). Altmetrics: Rethinking the way we measure. Serials Review, 39(1), 56–61.
Guerrero-Bote, V., & Moya-Anegón, F. (2012). Relationship between downloads and citation and the influence of language. In Proceedings of the 14th international conference on scientometrics and informetrics (pp. 1469–1484). Retrieved May 10, 2014 from http://ebrp.elsevier.com.
Haustein, S., Peters, I., Sugimoto, C. R., Thelwall, M., & Larivière, V. (2014). Tweeting biomedicine: An analysis of tweets and citations in the biomedical literature. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 65, 656–669. doi:10.1002/asi.23101.
Haustein, S., & Siebenlist, T. (2011). Applying social bookmarking data to evaluate journal usage. Journal of Informetrics, 5(3), 446–457.
Howard, J. (2012). Scholars seek better ways to track impact online. In The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved May 10, 2014 from http://chronicle.com.
Huggett, S. (2012). F1000 journal rankings: An alternative way to evaluate the scientific impact of scholarly communications. Research Trends, 26, 7–11.
Jabbary, N. (2013). Suitable model of sharing knowledge factors among faculty of Gorgan Universities. In Sixth conference of knowledge management. Published article in conference of knowledge management, International conference hall of ShahidBeheshti, Tehran. (in Persian).
Mazarei, Z. (2013). Review of relationship between recognition of scientific products and marking them on Citeulike in the field of knowledge and information science during 2004 to 2012. Master’s thesis in Knowledge & Information Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. (in Persian).
Moed, H. (2005). Statistical relationships between downloads and citations at the level of individual documents within a single journal. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 56(10), 1088–1097.
Mohammadi, E., & Thelwall, M. (2013). Assessing non-standard article impact using f1000 labels. Scientometrics, 97(2), 383–395.
Nieder, C., Dalhaug, A., & Aandahl, G. (2013). Correlation between article download and citation figures for highly accessed articles from five open access oncology journals. Springer Plus, 2. Retrieved May 10, 2014 from www.springerplus.com.
Parirokh, M., & Khatamiyanfar, P. (2007). Review of status and knowledge sharing platforms in the Libraries of AstanQodsRazavi with adaptation of NonakaandTakeuchi model. Library and Information Science, 10(4), 176–212. (in Persian).
Priem, J., Piwowar, H., & Hemminger, B. (2012).Altmetrics in the wild: Using social media to explore scholarly impact. In ACM web science conference ACM web science conference. Retrieved May 10, 2014 from http://arxiv.org.
Priem, J., Taraborelli, D., Groth, P., & Neylon, C. (2010). Altmetrics: A manifesto. Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://altmetrics.org/manifesto.
Refoua, Sh, Tajdaran, M., & Rezaei, S. (2013). Review of infrastructure component to implement the sharing of knowledge in the insurance industry. Academic Librarianship and Information Research, 47(3), 325–346. (in Persian).
Schloegl, C., & Gorraiz, J. (2010). Comparison of citation and usage indicators: The case of oncology journals. Scientometrics, 82(3), 567–580.
Schlögl, C., Gorraiz, J., Gumpenberger, C., Jack, K., & Krake, P. (2014a). Are downloads and readership data a substitute for citations? The case of a scholarly journal. In Libraries in the digital age (LIDA) proceedings (p. 13). Retrieved May 10, 2014, from http://ozk.unizd.hr/proceedings.
Schlögl, C., Gorraiz, J., Gumpenberger, C., Jack, K., & Krake, P. (2014b). Comparison of downloads, citations and readership data for two information systems journals. Scientometrics, 101(2), 1113–1128.
Shema, H., Bar-Ilan, J., & Thelwall, M. (2014). Do blog citations correlate with a higher number of future citations? Research blogs as a potential source for alternative metrics. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 65(5), 1018–1027.
Shuai, X., Pepe, A., & Bollen, J. (2012). How the scientific community reacts to newly submitted preprints: Article downloads, twitter mentions, and citations. PLoS ONE, 7(11), e47523. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047523.
Siamak, M. (2007). Open access journals: Problems and critics. Library and Information Science, 10(2), 188–209.
Stojanovski, J. (2013). Visibility and (alt)metrics of the Croatian Open Access (OA) journals. Retrieved May 10, 2014, from http://www.researchgate.net.
Tammaro, A. (2014). Altmetrics in the humanities: Perceptions of Italian scholars. In Libraries in the digital age. Retrieved December 5, 2014, from http://ozk.unizd.hr.
Thelwall, M., Haustein, S., Larivière, V., & Sugimoto, C. R. (2013). Do altmetrics work? Twitter and ten other social web services. PLoS ONE, 8(5), e64841. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0064841.
Treem, J. W., & Leonardi, P. M. (2012). Social media use in organizations: Exploring the affordances of visibility, editability, persistence, and association. Communication Yearbook, 36, 143–189.
Wardle, D. (2010). Do Faculty of 1000 (F1000) ratings of ecological publications serve as reasonable predictors of their future impact? Ideas in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 11–15.
About this article
Cite this article
Ebrahimy, S., Mehrad, J., Setareh, F. et al. Path analysis of the relationship between visibility and citation: the mediating roles of save, discussion, and recommendation metrics. Scientometrics 109, 1497–1510 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-016-2130-z
- Path analysis