, Volume 109, Issue 2, pp 615–628 | Cite as

Classifying modeling and simulation as a scientific discipline

  • Ross GoreEmail author
  • Saikou Diallo
  • Jose Padilla


The body of knowledge related to modeling and simulation (M&S) comes from a variety of constituents: (1) practitioners and users, (2) tool developers and (3) theorists and methodologists. Previous work has shown that categorizing M&S as a concentration in an existing, broader disciple is inadequate because it does not provide a uniform basis for research and education across all institutions. This article presents an approach for the classification of M&S as a scientific discipline and a framework for ensuing analysis. The novelty of the approach lies in its application of machine learning classification to documents containing unstructured text (e.g. publications, funding solicitations) from a variety of established and emerging disciplines related to modeling and simulation. We demonstrate that machine learning classification models can be trained to accurately separate M&S from related disciplines using the abstracts of well-index research publication repositories. We evaluate the accuracy of our trained classifiers using cross-fold validation. Then, we demonstrate that our trained classifiers can effectively identify a set of previously unseen M&S funding solicitations and grant proposals. Finally, we use our approach to uncover new funding trends in M&S and support a uniform basis for education and research.


Simulation Research History of OR Machine learning 



We gratefully acknowledge the support of our colleagues at the Virginia Modeling, Analysis and Simulation Center (VMASC), University of Virginia (UVA) and Gettysburg College in manually classifying the 1000 NSF and NIH Grants used in the evaluation.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Virginia Modeling, Analysis and Simulation CenterOld Dominion UniversityNorfolkUSA

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