, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 355–388

Unveiling the intellectual origins of Social Media-based innovation: insights from a bibliometric approach

  • Francesco Paolo Appio
  • Antonella Martini
  • Silvia Massa
  • Stefania Testa

DOI: 10.1007/s11192-016-1955-9

Cite this article as:
Appio, F.P., Martini, A., Massa, S. et al. Scientometrics (2016) 108: 355. doi:10.1007/s11192-016-1955-9


This article uses a bundle of bibliometric and text-mining techniques to provide a systematic assessment of the intellectual core of the Social Media-based innovation research field. The goal of this study is to identify main research areas, understand the current state of development and suggest potential future directions by analysing co-citations from 155 papers published between 2003 and 2013 in the most influential academic journals. The main clusters have been identified, mapped, and labelled. Their most active areas on this topic and the most influential and co-cited papers have been identified and described. Also, intra- and inter-cluster knowledge base diversity has been assessed by using indicators stemming from the domains of Information Theory and Biology. A t test has been performed to assess the significance of the inter-cluster diversity. Five co-existing research streams shaping the research field under investigation have been identified and characterized.


Social Media Innovation Bibliometric analysis Content analysis Diversity analysis 

Mathematics Subject Classification


JEL Classification

O32 M15 

Supplementary material

11192_2016_1955_MOESM1_ESM.docx (35 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 34 kb)

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Paolo Appio
    • 1
  • Antonella Martini
    • 2
  • Silvia Massa
    • 3
  • Stefania Testa
    • 3
  1. 1.Léonard de VinciPôle Universitaire, Research Center (Business Group)Paris La Défense CedexFrance
  2. 2.School of Engineering (DESTEC)University of PisaPisaItaly
  3. 3.University of Genova (DIME)GenovaItaly

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