, Volume 103, Issue 2, pp 555–564 | Cite as

The open access advantage considering citation, article usage and social media attention

  • Xianwen WangEmail author
  • Chen Liu
  • Wenli Mao
  • Zhichao Fang


In this study, we compare the difference in the impact between open access (OA) and non-open access (non-OA) articles. 1761 Nature Communications articles published from 1 January 2012 to 31 August 2013 are selected as our research objects, including 587 OA articles and 1174 non-OA articles. Citation data and daily updated article-level metrics data are harvested directly from the platform of Data is analyzed from the static versus temporal-dynamic perspectives. The OA citation advantage is confirmed, and the OA advantage is also applicable when extending the comparing from citation to article views and social media attention. More important, we find that OA papers not only have the great advantage of total downloads, but also have the feature of keeping sustained and steady downloads for a long time. For article downloads, non-OA papers only have a short period of attention, when the advantage of OA papers exists for a much longer time.


Article-level metrics Usage metrics Altmetrics Open access Social media attention Open access advantage 



This work was supported by the project of "National Natural Science Foundation of China" (61301227), and the project of “Growth Plan of Distinguished Young Scholar in Liaoning Province” (WJQ2014009). We really appreciate the suggestions from the anonymous reviewers.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xianwen Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chen Liu
    • 1
  • Wenli Mao
    • 1
  • Zhichao Fang
    • 1
  1. 1.WISE Lab, Faculty of Humanities and Social SciencesDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

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