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Comparative analysis of the scientific output of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia


The article discusses the scientific output of the three South Caucasus republics: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia are widely referred to as Transcaucasia Republics or South Caucasus Republics). It focuses on the scientific publications of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia indexed in the Web of Science international database. The article first examines the role of the three republics in Soviet science and the scientific papers they produced during the last decade of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The article then studies the scientific situation in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia after the restoration of their independence in 1991, reviewing the three republics’ scientific publications, their citations and their scientific cooperation, as well as other scientific indicators.

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  1. The first draft of an R&D law was presented to the Parliament in 1998 but has not yet been approved.

  2.  Foreign publications are counted when applying for a grant. In Armenia, e.g., concerned bodies are discussing the requirement for PhD candidates to have at least one publication in the journal indexed by an international database.

  3. Some abstracting and indexing services cover only a limited number of Soviet scientific journals. For example, in 1974 there were only 83 Soviet journals and over 900 American journals in SCI. So, domestically produced works were and are overlooked in bibliometric analyses.

  4. The USSR officially ceased to exist in 1991.

  5. This may be due to late publication of articles written in 1991 and affiliation problems.

  6. Currently there are 66 Turkish journals, the number of which is constantly rising.


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Correspondence to Shushanik A. Sargsyan.

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Gzoyan, E.G., Hovhannisyan, L.A., Aleksanyan, S.A. et al. Comparative analysis of the scientific output of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. Scientometrics 102, 195–212 (2015).

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