, Volume 99, Issue 2, pp 209–231 | Cite as

An examination of “citation circles” for social sciences journals in Eastern European countries

  • Daniel TeodorescuEmail author
  • Tudorel Andrei


This study aims to explore the effects of both journal self citations and mutual citations within a group of journals on the increase in the impact factors (IFs) for social sciences journals published in Eastern Europe. We found that the practice of mutual citations is prevalent among the new journals, a trend that raises questions about possible manipulation of the IF and potential isolation of the recent journals from the international network of scholarly communication.


Impact factor Self-citations Intra-citations 


  1. Adams, J. D., Clemmons, J. R., & Stephan, P. E. (2004). Standing on academic shoulders: Measuring scientific influence in universities. NBER Working Paper No. 10875. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  2. Anseel, F., Duyck, W., de Baene, W., & Brysbaert, M. (2004). Journal impact factors and self-citations: Implications for psychology journals. American Psychologist, 59(1), 49–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Asknes, D. W. (2006). Citation rates and perceptions of scientific contribution. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 57(2), 169–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bergstrom, C. T., West, J. D., & Wiseman, M. A. (2008). The Eigenfactor™ metrics. Journal of Neuroscience, 28(45), 11433–11434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Demaria, A. N. (2003). A report card for journals. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 42(5), 952–953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fassoulaki, A., Paraskeva, A., Papilas, K., & Karabins, G. (2000). Self-citations in six anesthesia journals and their significance in determining the impact factor. British Journal of Anesthesia, 84(2), 266–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Foo, J. Y. A. (2009). A study on journal self-citations and intra-citing within the subject category of multidisciplinary sciences. Science and Engineering Ethics, 15, 491–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Frandsen, T. F. (2007). Journal self-citations—Analyzing the JIF mechanism. Journal of Informetrics, 1(1), 47–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Garfield, E., & Welljams-Dorof, A. (1992). Citation data: their use as quantitative indicators for science and technology evaluation and policy-making. Science and Public Policy, 19(5), 321–327.Google Scholar
  10. Hendrix, D. (2009). Institutional self-citation rates: A three year study of universities in the United States. Scientometrics, 81(2), 321–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Krauss, J. (2007). Journal self-citation rates in ecological sciences. Scientometrics, 73(1), 79–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Maczelka, H., & Zsindely, S. (1992). All well if starts well? Citation infancy of recently launched chemistry journals. Scientometrics, 25(2), 367–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pichappan, P. (1994). A dual refinement of journal self-citation measures. Scientometrics, 33(1), 13–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rousseau, R. (1999). Temporal differences in self-citation rates of scientific journals. Scientometrics, 44(3), 521–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tsay, M. Y. (2006). Journal self-citation study for semi-conductor literature. Synchronous and diachronous approach. Information Processing and Management, 42(6), 1567–1577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. van Nierop, E. (2009). Why do statistics journals have low impact factors? Statistica Neerlandica, 63(1), 52–62.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  17. Van Raan, A. F. J. (2008). Bibliometric statistical properties of the top 100 largest European research universities: Prevalent scaling rules in the science system. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 59(3), 461–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Yu, G., & Wang, L. (2007). The self-cited rate of scientific journals and the manipulation of their impact factors. Scientometrics, 73, 321–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Zhang, L., Glanzel, W., & Liang, L. (2009). Tracing the role of individual journals in a cross-citation network based on different indicators. Scientometrics, 81(3), 821–838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hunter CollegeCUNYNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Bucharest University of Economic StudiesBucharestRomania

Personalised recommendations