Mapping ICT knowledge infrastructure in South Asia
- 941 Downloads
Information Communication Technology (ICT) has a significant impact on the socioeconomic development of a country. However, the inequitable access to ICT still remains a major issue in developing countries. In this context, this study examines ICT knowledge infrastructure in South Asia from a network point of view. Existing research on ICTs are useful in understanding the common facts, but are limited in revealing the hidden structures and properties of the ICT research domain in South Asia. The hidden structures and properties, like key players, network of key players for scientific collaborations, and their network characteristics are analyzed and synthesized in this study. This study applies the mixed approach of Social Network Analysis techniques and Triple Helix indicators on scholarly papers obtained from the Web of Science database. Further, burst detection algorithm is applied on keywords appearing in the titles of the South Asian ICT scholarly papers to understand the emerging trends in the ICT research domain. This study helps in providing a better understanding of current trends, strengths, and weaknesses of ICT in South Asia, which provides a better understanding to bridge the digital divide and achieve socioeconomic development through ICT.
KeywordsICT South Asia Triple Helix Social Network Analysis University–industry–government Relationship Burst detection
- Bailey, A. (2009). Issues affecting the social sustainability of telecentres in developing contexts: A field study of sixteen telecentres in Jamaica. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 26(4), 1–18.Google Scholar
- Chatziparadeisis, A. (2003). The R&D indicators in the knowledge-based economy: The research paradox. http://www.urenio.org/wp-content/The_Research_Paradox.pdf. Accessed 11 Dec 2012.
- Davison, R., Vogel, D., Harris, R., & Jones, N. (2000). Technology leapfrogging in developing countries: An inevitable luxury? The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 1(5), 1–10.Google Scholar
- Leydesdorff, L. (2001). Indicators of innovation in a knowledge-based economy. Cybermetrics, 5(1), 1–21.Google Scholar
- Mane, K., & Borner, K. (2004). Mapping topics and topic bursts in PNAS. In Proceedings of the 2004 National Academy of Sciences of the United States of Americas (PNAS) (101(1), pp. 5287–5290).Google Scholar
- Marsden, P. V. (2008). Network Data and Measurement (Vol. 1, Social Network Analysis). London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Measuring the Information Society. (2012). International Telecommunication Union. http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/publications/idi/. Accessed 13 July 2013.
- Prasad, K. (2008). The digital divide: Implications of ICTs for development in South Asia. Papers in International and Global Communication, 3(08), 1–14.Google Scholar
- Puri, S. K. (2007). Integrating scientific with indigenous knowledge: Constructing knowledge alliances for land management in India. MIS Quarterly, 31(2), 355–379.Google Scholar
- Serrat, O. (2009). Social network analysis. Washington, DC: Asian Development Bank.Google Scholar
- Smith, M., Milic-Frayling, N., Shneiderman, B., Mendes Rodrigues, E., Leskovec, J., & Dunne, C. (2010). NodeXL: a free and open network overview, discovery and exploration add-in for Excel 2007/2010, http://nodexl.codeplex.com/ from the Social Media Research Foundation, http://www.smrfoundation.org. Accessed 13 July 2013.