International scientific collaboration of China: collaborating countries, institutions and individuals
Using bibliometric methods, we investigate China’s international scientific collaboration from three levels of collaborating countries, institutions and individuals. We design a database in SQL Server, and make analysis of Chinese SCI papers based on the corresponding author field. We find that China’s international scientific collaboration is focused on a handful of countries. Nearly 95 % international co-authored papers are collaborated with only 20 countries, among which the USA account for more than 40 % of all. Results also show that Chinese lineage in the international co-authorship is obvious, which means Chinese immigrant scientists are playing an important role in China’s international scientific collaboration, especially in English-speaking countries.
KeywordsSCI Scientific collaboration Bibliometric Chinese immigrant Chinese lineage
- Jin, B., & Rousseau, R. (2005). China’s quantitative expansion phase: exponential growth but low impact. In: P. Ingwersen & B. Larsen (eds.), ISSI 2005: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics (pp. 362–370). Stockholm: Karolinska University Press.Google Scholar
- Kostoff, R. N. (2009). China S&T assessment. IEEE Intell Syst, 24(4), 71–74.Google Scholar
- Leydesdorff, L. (2011). When can the cross-over between China and the USA be expected using Scopus data? Research Trends, (25), Retrieved Feb 15, 2012 from: http://www.researchtrends.com/issue25-november-2011/is-science-in-your-country-declining-or-is-your-country-becoming-a-scientific-super-power-and-how-quickly/.
- Shelton, R. & Foland, P. (2009). The race for world leadership of science and technology: status and forecasts. In: B. Larsen, J. Larsen (eds), Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics (pp. 369–380). Brazil: Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
- Wang, X. W., Liu, D., Ding, K., & Wang, X. R. (2011a). Impact of funding on research output: an empirical study on 10 countries. In: E. Noyons, P. Ngulube, & J. Leta (eds.), Proceedings of ISSI 2011—The 13th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics (pp. 848–854). South Africa: Durban.Google Scholar
- Zhou, P. (2008). China ranks second in scientific publications since 2006. ISSI Newsl, 13, 7–9.Google Scholar