, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp 15–23 | Cite as

Scientific production in psychology: a gender analysis

  • Maite Barrios
  • Anna Villarroya
  • Ángel Borrego


This study aims to identify possible gender inequalities in the scholarly output of researchers in the field of psychology in Spain. A sample of 522 papers and reviews published in 2007 was extracted from the Thomson ISI Web of Science. The presence of women, the collaboration pattern and the impact of these scientific publications were analyzed. The results show that the average number of female researchers per paper was 0.42 (SD 0.33) and that 42.3 % of the papers had a female researcher as the first author. Moreover, the proportion of female authors of a paper was statistically significantly higher when the first author was female. Studies carried out in cooperation with other Spanish or international institutions had fewer female authors than studies conducted at a single center. The impact of the papers, measured by the journal impact factor and the number of citations, was independent of the authors’ gender or the proportion of female authors. In summary, the study highlights a gender imbalance in Spanish scientific output in Psychology, and a higher proportion of male researchers in international networks.


Psychology Scientific production Gender Collaboration Impact factor Citations 

Mathematics Subject Classification (2010)


JEL Classification

I23 I24 



The research reported here was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science (EA2008-0221).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maite Barrios
    • 1
  • Anna Villarroya
    • 2
  • Ángel Borrego
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Methodology of Behavioral SciencesUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Public Economy, Political Economy and Spanish EconomyUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Library and Information ScienceUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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