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Sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems: an emerging field of research


While the concept of entrepreneurial ecosystems is now a prominent topic and an important stream in entrepreneurship research, the question of how ecosystems can specifically promote sustainable entrepreneurship and contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations is a neglected issue. With the papers in this special issue, we address this research gap, serving as a catalyst sparking more research at the nexus of contextualization of entrepreneurship and sustainability. This research has, since the 1990s, developed in three waves; the explicit linkage to SDGs and the investigation of impacts of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial ecosystems in achieving societal and environmental goals might be considered as the “fourth wave.” We first introduce relevant research streams and concepts for investigating sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems. Then, we explain why this special issue and its articles represent a fourth wave in entrepreneurial research (“sustainability”). Thereafter, we provide an overview of the papers of this special issue and then end with a brief consideration of future research demands.

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  1. The United Nations (2015) outlines, for example, the societal and environmental relevance of intragenerational equality (e.g., issues of social injustice and stratification) and intergenerational equity (e.g., impacts of climate change on future generations),

  2. The G-Forum is one of the leading academic conferences exploring entrepreneurship in Europe. The conference is an initiative of the FGF (Förderkreis Gründungs-Forschung), which is the most significant scientific association for entrepreneurship, innovation, and SMEs in German-speaking countries.


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We thank Prof. Dr. Friederike Welter for her valuable comments on the draft of this paper.

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Correspondence to Christine Volkmann.

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Volkmann, C., Fichter, K., Klofsten, M. et al. Sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems: an emerging field of research. Small Bus Econ 56, 1047–1055 (2021).

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