A gendered look at entrepreneurship ecosystems

  • Candida Brush
  • Linda F. EdelmanEmail author
  • Tatiana Manolova
  • Friederike Welter


Underlying entrepreneurship ecosystems is the implicit assumption that all entrepreneurs have equal access to resources, participation, and support, as well as an equal chance of a successful outcome (venture start-up). However in practice, this is not always the case. Research finds that when it comes to many aspects of the entrepreneurship ecosystem, women are at a disadvantage. In this paper, we offer a brief overview of current ecosystem frameworks pointing out where “gender” matters in ecosystems at the institutional, organizational, and individual levels. We go on to present a summary of the contributions to this special edition and conclude with suggestions for future research.


Entrepreneurship ecosystems Gender Institutional level Organizational level Individual level 

JEL classification

B54 J16 L26 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Candida Brush
    • 1
  • Linda F. Edelman
    • 2
    Email author
  • Tatiana Manolova
    • 2
  • Friederike Welter
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Babson CollegeWellesleyUSA
  2. 2.Bentley UniversityWalthamUSA
  3. 3.IfM BonnBonnGermany
  4. 4.Universitat SiegenSiegenGermany

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