Small Business Economics

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 101–110 | Cite as

The Lag Structure of the Impact of Business Ownership on Economic Performance in OECD Countries

  • M.A. Carree
  • A.R. ThurikEmail author


This paper investigates the impact of changes in the number of business owners on three measures of economic performance, viz. employment growth, GDP growth and labor productivity growth. Particular attention is devoted to the lag structure. The analysis is performed at the country level for 21 OECD countries. Our results confirm earlier evidence on three stages in the impact of entry on economic performance: an initial direct positive effect, followed by a negative effect due to exiting capacities and finally a stage of positive supply-side effects. The net effect is positive for employment and GDP growth. Changes in the number of business owners have no effect on labor productivity.


business ownership entrepreneurship economic growth lag structure 

JEL classifications:

L26 M13 O40 


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Assistance of André van Stel and Viktor Stunnenberg (Erasmus University Rotterdam and Max Planck Institute, Jena) and comments by Rob van der Horst (EIM Business and Policy Research, Zoetermeer), Michael Fritsch (Technische Universiät Freiberg) and two anonymous referees are gratefully acknowledged. The paper has been written in the framework of the research program SCALES carried out by EIM Business and Policy Research in Zoetermeer and financed by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and Business AdministrationUniversity of MaastrichtMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Centre for Advanced Small Business Economics (CASBEC)Erasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.EIMZoetermeerThe Netherlands

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