It is found that the accelerated motion of a linear dielectric leads to its polarization. During the accelerated translational motion of a dielectric plate, the first surface in the acceleration direction becomes positively charged. For registration of polarization charges, the metal coatings were superimposed on the plate surfaces. The potential difference between the electrodes is proportional to the acceleration. At a constant acceleration, it increases with the increase in the dielectric surface area and dielectric constant and is almost independent of the thickness of the dielectric.
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Translated from Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Fizika, No. 9, pp. 50–53, September, 2012.
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Zavodovskii, А.G. Inertial dielectric polarization. Russ Phys J 55, 1034–1038 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11182-013-9918-6
- linear dielectric
- inertial polarization
- polarization charge