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Divergence of the polytene chromosome banding sequences as a reflection of evolutionary rearrangements of the genome linear structure

Abstract

Banding sequences of five chromosomal arms (A, C, D, E, and F), accounting for about 70% of the total genome size in 63 Chironomus species, were used as markers to analyze divergence patterns of the linear genome structure during the evolution. The number of chromosomal breakpoints between the pairs of banding sequences compared served as a measure of divergence. It was demonstrated that the greater the divergence between the species compared, the higher the number of chromosomal breakpoints and the smaller the size of the conserved chromosomal segments. A banding sequences comparison in sibling species demonstrated a lower number of chromosomal breakpoints; the breakpoint number was maximum in a comparison of the banding sequences in the subgenera Chironomus and Camptochironomus. The use of the number of chromosomal breakpoints as a genome divergence measure provided establishment of phylogenetic relationships between 63 Chironomus species and discrimination of sibling species groups and cytocomplexes on a phylogenetic tree.

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Translated from Genetika, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2005, pp. 187–195.

Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by Gunderina, Kiknadze, Istomina, Gusev, Miroshnichenko.

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Gunderina, L.I., Kiknadze, I.I., Istomina, A.G. et al. Divergence of the polytene chromosome banding sequences as a reflection of evolutionary rearrangements of the genome linear structure. Russ J Genet 41, 130–137 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11177-005-0036-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11177-005-0036-6

Keywords

  • Genome Size
  • Genome Divergence
  • Chromosomal Segment
  • Sibling Species
  • Polytene Chromosome