Pressure, temperature, and solvent effects on the rates of reactions of 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran with tetracyanoethylene and 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione

Abstract

The effects of high hydrostatic pressure, temperature, and solvent on the rates of reactions of tetracyanoethylene (1) and 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (2) with 3,4-dihydro-2Hpyran ( 3) were studied. The X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the reaction of compounds 1 and 3 occurs with the formation of the cyclobutane adduct. The reaction is characterized by enhanced entropy and activation volume, as well as a high influence of the solvent polarity (ET) on the rate (R = 0.975). The course of the reaction 2 + 3 differs sharply from the reaction 1 + 3 by the values of entropy and activation volume, the absence of the effect of the solvent polarity on the rate, and the presence of mono-, di-, and trimeric reaction products. Possible routes of these reactions are considered.

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Correspondence to V. D. Kiselev.

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Dedicated to Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences A. I. Konovalov on the occasion of his 85th birthday.

Published in Russian in Izvestiya Akademii Nauk. Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 2, pp. 0351–0356, February, 2019.

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Kiselev, V.D., Anikin, O.V., Kornilov, D.A. et al. Pressure, temperature, and solvent effects on the rates of reactions of 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran with tetracyanoethylene and 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione. Russ Chem Bull 68, 351–356 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11172-019-2392-8

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Key words

  • 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran
  • tetracyanoethylene
  • 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione
  • reaction rate
  • pressure effect
  • solvent effect