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Classification and synthesis of nickel pincer complexes

Abstract

Over the past decades, the pincer ligands have attracted an increasing interest due to the unique properties of the coordination compounds they form. These monoanionic tridentate ligands are of great importance in organometallic and coordination chemistry. Their complexes with transition metals are used as homogeneous catalysts for various processes and also as functional materials with specified properties. The metal complexes formed by the pincer ligands provide an efficient alternative to the existing catalysts based on noble metals and, hence, the use of these complexes is a promising task of the modern chemical science. Therefore, nickel as the most accessible and inexpensive analog of palladium and platinum is of great practical interest. In this review, we consider the diversity of nickel complexes with pincer ligands, as well as the existing methods for their preparation and practical application.

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Correspondence to D. G. Yakhvarov.

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Dedicated to Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences I. P. Beletskaya.

Published in Russian in Izvestiya Akademii Nauk. Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 3, pp. 0385—0394, March, 2018.

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Gafurov, Z.N., Kagilev, A.A., Kantyukov, A.O. et al. Classification and synthesis of nickel pincer complexes. Russ Chem Bull 67, 385–394 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11172-018-2086-7

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Key words

  • pincer ligands
  • nickel complexes
  • catalysts
  • PCP, NCN, NCP, and SCS ligands