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Formation of nanoassociates as a key to understanding of physicochemical and biological properties of highly dilute aqueous solutions

Abstract

On the grounds of experimental data obtained by a set of physicochemical methods (dynamic light scattering, microelectrophoresis, conductometry, tensiometry, pH-metry, dielcometry, polarimetry, atomic force microscopy, and UV and ESR spectroscopy), a previously unknown fundamental phenomenon was discovered, namely, the formation nanosized molecular assemblies, so-called nanoassociates, in aqueous solutions of low concentrations prepared by successive serial dilutions. The formation and concentration rearrangements of nanoassociates may be responsible for physicochemical and biological properties of highly dilute aqueous solutions. The formation of nanoassociates is initiated by a solute under certain conditions, most essential among them being the presence of external physical fields (geomagnetic and low-frequency electromagnetic fields) and particular structure of the substance.

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Correspondence to A. I. Konovalov.

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Based on the materials of the cluster of conferences in organic chemistry (Orgchem 2013) (June 17–21, 2013, St.-Petersburg, Repino).

Published in Russian in Izvestiya Akademii Nauk. Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 1, pp. 0001–0014, January, 2014.

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Konovalov, A.I., Ryzhkina, I.S. Formation of nanoassociates as a key to understanding of physicochemical and biological properties of highly dilute aqueous solutions. Russ Chem Bull 63, 1–14 (2014) doi:10.1007/s11172-014-0388-y

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Key words

  • self-assembly
  • physicochemical properties
  • bioeffects
  • aqueous solutions
  • low concentrations