Skip to main content

Table 3. International Transferred Estimates of the VSL

From: Risk guideposts for a safer society: Introduction and overview

  GNI per capita
($ thousands)
VSL
($ millions)
  GNI per capita
($ thousands)
VSL
($ millions)
Afghanistan 1.940 0.337 Lebanon 13.750 2.390
Albania 11.310 1.966 Lesotho 3.290 0.572
Algeria 14.310 2.487 Liberia 0.720 0.125
Angola 6.470 1.124 Lithuania 27.570 4.791
Antigua and Barbuda 22.280 3.872 Luxembourg 72.080 12.527
Argentina 20.010 3.478 Macao 102.480 17.810
Armenia 8.770 1.524 Macedonia 13.730 2.386
Australia 45.320 7.876 Madagascar 1.410 0.245
Austria 49.160 8.544 Malawi 1.140 0.198
Azerbaijan 17.170 2.984 Malaysia 26.190 4.552
Bahamas, The 21.970 3.818 Maldives 11.480 1.995
Bahrain 38.660 6.719 Mali 1.970 0.342
Bangladesh 3.560 0.619 Malta 33.170 5.765
Barbados 15.610 2.713 Marshall Islands 5.430 0.944
Belarus 16.920 2.941 Mauritania 3.800 0.660
Belgium 45.660 7.935 Mauritius 19.940 3.465
Belize 8.020 1.394 Mexico 16.860 2.930
Benin 2.050 0.356 Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.120 0.716
Bermuda 65.733 11.424 Moldova 5.400 0.938
Bhutan 7.630 1.326 Mongolia 11.220 1.950
Bolivia 6.710 1.166 Montenegro 16.460 2.861
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.900 1.894 Morocco 7.690 1.336
Botswana 15.510 2.696 Mozambique 1.170 0.203
Brazil 15.050 2.616 Myanmar 4.930 0.857
Brunei Darussalam 82.140 14.275 Namibia 10.380 1.804
Bulgaria 17.880 3.107 Nepal 2.500 0.434
Burkina Faso 1.660 0.288 Netherlands 49.410 8.587
Burundi 0.730 0.127 New Zealand 36.150 6.283
Cabo Verde 6.320 1.098 Nicaragua 5.060 0.879
Cambodia 3.300 0.574 Niger 0.950 0.165
Cameroon 3.070 0.534 Nigeria 5.810 1.010
Canada 43.900 7.629 Norway 65.430 11.371
Central African Republic 0.620 0.108 Oman 38.650 6.717
Chad 2.110 0.367 Pakistan 5.320 0.925
Chile 22.760 3.956 Palau 14.730 2.560
China 14.390 2.501 Panama 20.460 3.556
Colombia 13.550 2.355 Papua New Guinea 3.060 0.532
Comoros 1.490 0.259 Paraguay 8.680 1.509
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.720 0.125 Peru 12.060 2.096
Congo, Rep. 6.320 1.098 Philippines 8.940 1.554
Costa Rica 14.910 2.591 Poland 25.930 4.506
Cote d’Ivoire 3.260 0.567 Portugal 29.060 5.050
Croatia 22.380 3.889 Qatar 138.480 24.067
Cuba 22.824 3.967 Romania 21.610 3.756
Cyprus 31.660 5.502 Russian Federation 23.770 4.131
Czech Republic 31.550 5.483 Rwanda 1.720 0.299
Denmark 49.240 8.558 Samoa 5.740 0.998
Dominica 10.500 1.825 Sao Tome and Principe 3.250 0.565
Dominican Republic 13.600 2.364 Saudi Arabia 54.840 9.531
Ecuador 11.270 1.959 Senegal 2.380 0.414
Egypt 10.710 1.861 Serbia 13.420 2.332
El Salvador 8.240 1.432 Seychelles 25.670 4.461
Equatorial Guinea 27.200 4.727 Sierra Leone 1.560 0.271
Eritrea 1.895 0.329 Singapore 81.360 14.140
Estonia 28.390 4.934 Slovak Republic 29.440 5.116
Ethiopia 1.620 0.282 Slovenia 31.180 5.419
Fiji 8.850 1.538 Solomon Islands 2.190 0.381
Finland 42.600 7.404 South Africa 12.870 2.237
France 41.680 7.244 South Sudan 1.630 0.283
Gabon 18.880 3.281 Spain 34.880 6.062
Gambia, The 1.550 0.269 Sri Lanka 11.500 1.999
Georgia 9.340 1.623 St. Kitts and Nevis 24.370 4.235
Germany 49.090 8.531 St. Lucia 10.780 1.873
Ghana 4.080 0.709 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.090 1.927
Greece 26.530 4.611 Sudan 3.990 0.693
Grenada 13.090 2.275 Suriname 16.610 2.887
Guatemala 7.530 1.309 Swaziland 8.260 1.436
Guinea 1.120 0.195 Sweden 48.700 8.464
Guinea-Bissau 1.450 0.252 Switzerland 64.100 11.140
Guyana 7.540 1.310 Tajikistan 3.460 0.601
Haiti 1.760 0.306 Tanzania 2.630 0.457
Honduras 4.750 0.826 Thailand 15.520 2.697
Hong Kong 57.860 10.056 Timor-Leste 4.550 0.791
Hungary 25.240 4.387 Togo 1.330 0.231
Iceland 47.160 8.196 Tonga 5.590 0.971
India 6.030 1.048 Trinidad and Tobago 32.180 5.593
Indonesia 10.700 1.860 Tunisia 11.100 1.929
Iran 18.240 3.170 Turkey 19.740 3.431
Iraq 15.340 2.666 Turkmenistan 15.760 2.739
Ireland 54.610 9.491 Tuvalu 6.690 1.163
Israel 36.040 6.263 Uganda 1.820 0.316
Italy 37.030 6.436 Ukraine 7.840 1.363
Jamaica 8.680 1.509 United Arab Emirates 70.020 12.169
Japan 42.310 7.353 United Kingdom 40.900 7.108
Jordan 10.760 1.870 United States 57.540 10.000
Kazakhstan 23.480 4.081 Uruguay 20.400 3.545
Kenya 3.070 0.534 Uzbekistan 6.200 1.078
Kiribati 4.230 0.735 Vanuatu 3.130 0.544
Korea, Rep. 34.810 6.050 Venezuela, RB 16.890 2.935
Kosovo 9.870 1.715 Vietnam 5.720 0.994
Kuwait 84.360 14.661 West Bank and Gaza 5.070 0.881
Kyrgyz Republic 3.310 0.575 Yemen, Rep. 2.720 0.473
Lao PDR 5.400 0.938 Zambia 3.640 0.633
Latvia 24.840 4.317 Zimbabwe 1.710 0.297
  1. Note: All VSLs are calculated using an income elasticity of 1.0. Base U.S. VSL is $10.0.