Skip to main content

Table 3 Pre-test and post-test means and standard deviations for the two conditions

From: Students’ Conceptual Sense-making of Animations and Static Visualizations of Protein Synthesis: a Sociocultural Hypothesis Explaining why Animations May Be Beneficial for Student Learning

Condition N M (pre) SD (pre) M (post) SD (post)
Animation 27 4.93 3.52 18.22 11.45
Static visualization 24 4.33 2.88 11.96 7.68
Total 51 4.65 3.22 15.27 10.26