Exploring the Relations of Inquiry-Based Teaching to Science Achievement and Dispositions in 54 Countries

Abstract

This study, drawing on data from the third cycle of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and employing three-level hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) as an analytic strategy, examined the relations of inquiry-based science teaching to science achievement and dispositions toward science among 170,474 15-year-old students from 4780 schools in 54 countries across the globe. The results of the HLM analyses, after accounting for student-, school-, and country-level demographic characteristics and students’ dispositions toward science, revealed that inquiry-based science teaching was significantly negatively related to science achievement. In contrast, inquiry-based science teaching was significantly positively associated with dispositions toward science, such as interest in and enjoyment of science learning, instrumental and future-oriented science motivation, and science self-concept and self-efficacy. Implications of the findings for policy and practice are discussed.

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Correspondence to Dean Cairns.

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Table 3 List of countries/economies included in the study

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Cairns, D., Areepattamannil, S. Exploring the Relations of Inquiry-Based Teaching to Science Achievement and Dispositions in 54 Countries. Res Sci Educ 49, 1–23 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11165-017-9639-x

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Keywords

  • Inquiry-based science teaching
  • Science achievement
  • Dispositions toward science
  • PISA
  • Hierarchical linear modeling