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Solar-driven degradation of methyl orange over polyaniline/montmorillonite nanocomposite photocatalysts

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Abstract

The photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange has been studied under visible light. The combination of polyaniline and montmorillonite doped by cobalt and nickel cations enhanced the photocatalytic activity compared to pristine polyaniline. Kinetic measurements have been tentatively explained on the basis of their composition, electronic structures, structural and textural properties. Separate experiments performed on doped montmorillonites show weak performances, reflecting their insulating behaviour, altered by diffusion limitations. A pseudo-first order agrees with a weak methyl orange adsorption. More open porosity of composite materials led to improved efficiency. Their superiority compared to doped montmorillonites has been preferentially related to surface heterogeneity, stronger methyl orange adsorption and lower band gap energy.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the Directorate General for Scientific Research and Technological Development (DGRSDT), Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Algeria.

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MEAS provided conceptualization, investigation, methodology, and writing—original draft. MG performed conceptualization, methodology, resources, supervision, and writing—review and editing. PG approved formal analysis, validation, visualization, and writing—review and editing. NB did formal analysis and investigation.

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Correspondence to Madani Ghelamallah or Pascal Granger.

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Siali, M.E.A., Ghelamallah, M., Granger, P. et al. Solar-driven degradation of methyl orange over polyaniline/montmorillonite nanocomposite photocatalysts. Res Chem Intermed 50, 2427–2453 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-024-05272-y

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