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Green synthesis of dihydropyrano[3,2-c]chromene derivatives using amino-terminated PAMAM dendrimer as catalyst

Abstract

d-Sorbitol-cored PAMAM dendrimer (SOR-G1) was effectively synthesized by the ring opening polymerization of epichlorohydrin. The dendrimer was characterized using different spectroscopic and analytical techniques including IR and NMR spectroscopy, TG–DTA, and GPC. Dihydropyrano[3,2-c]chromene derivatives were synthesized using SOR-G1 as a catalyst, and it was synthesized within 30 min in ethanol/water medium and excellent yield was obtained. SOR-G1 acted as a good base catalyst on the basis of amine capacity and good thermal stability. The prepared dihydropyrano[3,2-c]chromene derivatives were characterized using GCMS, LCMS, IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectra. The catalyst could be reused up to three reaction cycles without losing its catalytic activity.

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Scheme 1
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Acknowledgements

The authors express their gratitude to UGC, New Delhi, for financial assistance under SAP DRS III and KSCSTE, Government of Kerala, for providing a JRF to Unnikrishnan V.

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Correspondence to K. Sreekumar.

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Unnikrishnan, V., Avudaiappan, G., James, K. et al. Green synthesis of dihydropyrano[3,2-c]chromene derivatives using amino-terminated PAMAM dendrimer as catalyst. Res Chem Intermed (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-021-04590-9

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Keywords

  • d-Sorbitol-cored polyamine PAMAM dendrimer (SOR-G1)
  • Green synthesis
  • Dihydropyrano[3,2-c]chromene derivatives
  • Homogeneous catalyst