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Combination of polymer and halloysite chemistry for development of a novel catalytic hybrid system

Abstract

A covalent hybrid of halloysite-poly(methyl methacrylate-co-maleic anhydride) was prepared and applied for the immobilization of Pd nanoparticles. The hybrid system, Pd@Hal-Gua-Poly, was then characterized via TEM, TGA, ICP, BET, FTIR and XRD and successfully used as a heterogeneous catalyst for promoting two main Pd-catalyzed reactions, i.e. hydrogenation of nitro-arenes and Suzuki coupling reaction under mild and eco-friendly conditions. The study of recyclability of the catalyst confirmed high recyclability and low Pd leaching of Pd@Hal-Gua-Poly. Moreover, the hot-filtration test showed the heterogeneous nature of the catalysts. Notably, the comparison of the activity of the catalyst with that of Pd@Hal and Pd@Poly confirmed the superior catalytic activity of the former, indicating that the hybridization of Hal and Poly could lead to the improvement of the catalytic activity.

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Acknowledgements

The authors appreciate partial financial supports from Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute and Alzahra University. MMH is also thankful to Iran National Science Foundation for the Individual given grant.

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Correspondence to Samahe Sadjadi, Shervin Ahmadi or Majid M. Heravi.

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Sadjadi, S., Malmir, M., Pourmohammad, N. et al. Combination of polymer and halloysite chemistry for development of a novel catalytic hybrid system. Res Chem Intermed 45, 4349–4366 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-019-03835-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-019-03835-y

Keywords

  • Halloysite
  • Heterogeneous catalyst
  • Hybrid
  • Polymer
  • Hydrogenation
  • Suzuki reaction