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Effective coupling of BiPO4/g-C3N4 hybrid composites in ciprofloxacin photodegradation

  • A. I. Navarro-Aguilar
  • S. Obregón
  • D. B. Hernández-UrestiEmail author
  • J. Suárez-de la Cruz
Article
  • 26 Downloads

Abstract

A BiPO4/g-C3N4 photoactive system has been prepared by means of a practical ultrasound-assisted procedure in aqueous medium. The obtained hybrid composites were widely characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and N2 adsorption–desorption measurements. The photocatalytic features of the samples were examined through the degradation of orange G dye and ciprofloxacin antibiotic, where the higher photocatalytic performance for the degradation of both pollutants was achieved for the g-C3N4 with 1 wt% loading of BiPO4 (1-BiPO4 sample). To explain this outstanding performance, a possible mechanism involving the delocalization of the photogenerated charge carriers in the BiPO4/g-C3N4 system is discussed. Also, total organic carbon analysis and photocatalytic tests with radical scavengers were performed to elucidate the importance of the reactive oxidizing species during the photocatalytic process.

Keywords

g-C3N4 BiPO4 Sonochemistry Photocatalysis Ciprofloxacin 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank to CONACYT in Problemas Nacionales 2015 clave 610, SEP-PRODEP for the support through the program “Apoyo a la Incorporación de Nuevos Profesores de Tiempo Completo”, clave 511-6/17-7538.

Supplementary material

11164_2019_3825_MOESM1_ESM.docx (372 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 372 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Navarro-Aguilar
    • 1
  • S. Obregón
    • 1
  • D. B. Hernández-Uresti
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Suárez-de la Cruz
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Físico MatemáticasUniversidad Autónoma de Nuevo León – CICFIMSan Nicolás de los GarzaMexico

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