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Biopolymer-layered polysilicate micro/nanocomposite based on chitosan intercalated in magadiite

  • Adel Mokhtar
  • Amal Djelad
  • Abdelkader Bengueddach
  • Mohamed Sassi
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

On the basis of their high adsorption and cation exchange capacity, swelling potential and low toxicity, layered sodium silicate magadiite (Na–magadiite) is an attractive solid for intercalation of polymers. This study envisages the intercalation of cationic biopolymer chitosan (Chit) in Na–magadiite to prepare a Chit/magadiite micro/nanocomposite. Characterisation of starting-magadiite, pure chitosan and Chit/magadiite were investigated using powder X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy and thermal analysis. XRD confirmed that the chitosan had been intercalated into the interlayer space of magadiite by increasing the basal spacing, d001 from 15.6 Å to 21.45 Å. The presence of characteristic bands of biopolymer and layered silicate in Chit/magadiite were confirmed by FTIR analysis. The thermal stability of micro/nanocomposite was evaluated by thermogravimetry analysis. The results suggested the formation of electrostatic interactions by protonated amine groups with the negatively charged magadiite surface as well as intercalation in the form of a predominant monolayer arrangement of chitosan chains in layered silicate magadiite.

Keywords

Layered sodium silicate Chitosan Composite Intercalation Thermal analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie des Matériaux (LCM), Faculté des Sciences Exactes et AppliquéesUniversité Oran1OranAlgeria

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