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Graphyne-oxide supported Pd catalyst with ten times higher nitrobenzenes reduction activity than Pd/C

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Abstract

Upon oxidation, a graphyne-like porous carbon-rich network (GYLPC), which is a two-dimensional carbon material consisting of sp- and sp2-hybridized carbon atoms synthesized via alkyne metathesis reactions, yielded GYLPC oxide (GYLPCO). The highly electron-rich conjugated structure provides this new material GYLPC and its oxide GYLPCO with low reduction potentials, which are found to be able to serve as reductants and stabilizers for electroless deposition of well-dispersed Pd metal nanoparticles. The unique Pd/GYLPCO showed extremely high catalytic activity for a broad scope of nitrobenzene reduction reactions with short reaction time and good yields, even in aqueous media under aerobic conditions. We expect that our approach will further boost research on the design and application of graphyne-like functional materials for catalysis.

Keywords

Graphyne-like porous carbon-rich network Graphyne-like porous carbon-rich network oxide Nitrobenzene reduction Pd nanoparticles 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21473113, 21772123 and 51502173), Program for Professor of Special Appointment (Eastern Scholar) at Shanghai Institutions of Higher Learning (No. 2013-57), “Shuguang Program” supported by Shanghai Education Development Foundation and Shanghai Municipal Education Commission (14SG40), Program of Shanghai Academic/Technology Research Leader (No. 16XD1402700), National Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (No. 15ZR1431100), Ministry of Education of China (PCSIRT_16R49) and International Joint Laboratory of Resource Chemistry (IJLRC).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11164_2018_3492_MOESM1_ESM.docx (225 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 225 kb)

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Molecular EngineeringEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiChina
  2. 2.The Education Ministry Key Laboratory of Resource Chemistry, International Joint Laboratory of Resource ChemistryShanghai Normal UniversityShanghaiChina

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