Metallic nickel supported on mesoporous silica as catalyst for hydrodeoxygenation: effect of pore size and structure
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Catalytic hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of anisole, a methoxy-rich lignin-derived bio-oil model compound, was carried out over a series of Ni-containing (5, 10, 20, and 30 wt%) catalysts with commercial silica and ordered mesoporous silica SBA-15 as support. Both supports and catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms, X-ray diffraction, CO chemisorption, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Catalytic reaction was performed at 250 °C and 10 bar H2 pressure. Depending on the catalyst support used and the content of active metal, the catalytic activity and product distribution changed drastically. Increase of the nickel loading resulted in increased anisole conversion and C6 hydrocarbon (benzene and cyclohexane) yield. However, loading more Ni than 20 wt% resulted in a decrease of both conversion and C6 yield due to agglomeration of Ni particles. In addition, Ni/SBA-15 samples exhibited much stronger catalytic activity and selectivity toward C6 hydrocarbon products compared with Ni/silica catalysts. The differences in catalytic activity among these catalysts can be attributed to the effect of the pore size and pore structure of mesoporous SBA-15. SBA-15 can accommodate more Ni species inside channels than conventional silica due to its high pore volume with uniform pore structure, leading to high HDO catalytic activity.
KeywordsHydrodeoxygenation Supported Ni catalysts Mesoporous silica SBA-15 Anisole
This work was conducted under the framework of the Research and Development Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) (B8-2426-1). This work was also supported by the National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST) grant by the Korea government (MSIP) No. CAP-16-05-KIMM.
- 8.H. Lee, Y.M. Kim, I.G. Lee, J.K. Jeon, S.C. Jung, J.D. Chung, W.G. Choi, Y.K. Park, Korean J. Chem. Eng. 12, 3298 (2016)Google Scholar