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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 3933–3946 | Cite as

Conversion of eggshells into calcium titanate cuboid and its adsorption properties

Article
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Abstract

This article presents an economical approach for the production of calcium titanate using a simple hydrothermal reaction of calcined eggshells and TiO2. The characterization of the product is carried out by using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption/desorption. The result shows that as-prepared calcium titanate has a cuboid-like structure with a size of 0.2 μm, as determined by SEM. The formation mechanism of the cuboid-like morphology of calcium titanate is suggested. The BET surface area was calculated to be 20.9 m2/g. The prepared calcium titanate was investigated for the adsorption of Congo Red and its adsorption capacity was found to be 30 mg/g. The optimum adsorption conditions were found to be initial Congo Red concentration = 50 mg/L−1, pH = 7, adsorbent dose = 0.1 g and contact time = 120 min. The adsorption process was found to be spontaneous and endothermic in nature and follows a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. This research furthers understanding of the ability of calcium titanate to adsorb Congo Red and opens up a new method for recycling eggshells.

Keywords

Eggshells Waste treatment CaTiO3 Reaction engineering Congo Red Adsorption properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Heilongjiang Province (E201329), National Natural Science Foundation of China (21403048).

Supplementary material

11164_2018_3332_MOESM1_ESM.docx (576 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 576 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Modern Experiment CenterHarbin Normal UniversityHarbinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Monitoring of Geographic Environment, College of Heilongjiang ProvinceHarbin Normal UniversityHarbinPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan

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