Effect of surface modification temperature on the hydrodesulfurization performance of Ni2P/MCM-41 catalyst
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Highly active MCM-41-supported nickel phosphide catalysts for hydrodesulfurization (HDS) were synthesized by surface modification, in which the surface of supported Ni2P catalysts were directly modified at different temperatures by air instead of being passivated by an O2/N2 mixture. In addition, the prepared catalysts need not be activated under high temperature in H2 flow prior to the HDS reaction as in the conventional method. X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, N2-adsorption specific surface area measurements, CO chemisorption and transmission electron microscope were used to characterize the resulting catalysts. The effect of modification temperature on HDS performance of the catalysts was investigated. The results showed that the surface modification could promote the formation of smaller and more uniform Ni2P particles and the exposure of more Ni atoms. The modification method is simple and energy-saving, and the catalyst modified by air at 150 °C presents a dibenzothipohene conversion of 95.4%, which is 6.8% higher than that of a catalyst passivated by O2/N2 mixture followed by high-temperature and H2 pretreatments.
KeywordsNi2P Hydrodesulfurization Surface modification MCM-41
The authors acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21276048), the Education Department of Heilongjiang Province (12541060) and the Graduate Innovation Project of Northeast Petroleum University, China (No. YJSCX2016-019NEPU).