Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 2983–2998 | Cite as

One-step synthesis of a β-cyclodextrin derivative and its performance for the removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions

  • Changhua He
  • Qigang Zhou
  • Zhengyang Duan
  • Xiaojun Xu
  • Fuhai Wang
  • Hui Li


A new multifunctional β-cyclodextrin-sodium xanthogenate (β-CDX) was successfully synthesized by a one-step process and applied to remove Pb(II) from aqueous solutions. The characteristics and chelation mechanisms of β-CDX were investigated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and the influences of various operating parameters such as pH (lime dosage), the order of the additions, β-CDX dosage, and the initial concentration of Pb(II) on the removal capacity of β-CDX and the characteristics of the products were systematically evaluated. The results demonstrated that the optimal removal effect for Pb(II) was achieved when β-CDX was used rather than using lime alone. In addition, it was more effective to add β-CDX to the working solutions prior to adding the lime than adding β-CDX after the lime. The use of 0.05 g/L of β-CDX was effective for the removal of Pb(II) according to the residual concentration when the initial concentration was 100 mg/L at different pH values. The maximum removal rate of the Pb(II) ions was 98% for all initial concentrations and the products were larger (size = 137.9 μm) and looser (Df = 1.73) at an optimum pH range from 9 to 12. The characterization results confirmed that the RC(S)SNa in the β-CDX was the main contributor to the chelation of the Pb(II). These properties of β-CDX make it a promising compound for the treatment of wastewater contaminated by hazardous metal ions.


Heavy metal Xanthation Chelation Co-precipitation Wastewater treatment 



This work was financially supported by Chongqing education committee science and technology research project (Grant Nos. KJ1601901; KJ1719373).


  1. 1.
    A.Z.M. Badruddoza, Z.B.Z. Shawon, W.J.D. Tay, K. Hidajat, M.S. Uddin, Carbohyd. Polym. 91, 322 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    O. Ozay, S. Ekici, Y. Baran, N. Aktas, N. Sahiner, Water Res. 43, 4403 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Hua, Z. Li, Chem. Eng. J. 249, 189 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.R. Foroughi, M. Zarei, Res. Chem. Intermed. 41, 4009 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J.-X. Yu, L.-Y. Wang, R.-A. Chi, Y.-F. Zhang, Z.-G. Xu, J. Guo, Res. Chem. Intermed. 41, 1525 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    F. Fu, Q. Wang, J. Environ. Manag. 92, 407 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. Wang, Y. Hua, S. Li, W. Yan, W.-X. Zhang, Chem. Eng. J. 304, 79 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Pandey, J. Mol. Liq. 241, 1091 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Pandey, J. Sci. Adv. Mater. Dev. 1, 431 (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Pandey, J. Ramontja, Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 93, 712 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Pandey, J. Ramontja, J. Anal. Sci. Technol. 93, 712 (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. Singh, S. Tiwari, S. Pandey, P. Singh, R. Sanghi, AML 6, 19 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Qian, Z. Ai, Res. Chem. Intermed. 42, 4387 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Á. Martínez, C. Ortiz Mellet, J.M. García Fernández, Chem. Soc. Rev. 42, 4746 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    F. Bellia, D. La Mendola, C. Pedone, E. Rizzarelli, M. Saviano, G. Vecchio, Chem. Soc. Rev. 38, 2756 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. Engeldinger, D. Armspach, D. Matt, Chem. Rev. 103, 4147 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. Wang, C. Chen, Biotechnol. Adv. 27, 195 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Liang, X. Guo, N. Feng, Q. Tian, J. Hazard. Mater. 170, 425 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Q. Chang, X. Hao, L. Duan, J. Hazard. Mater. 159, 548 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Y. Sun, H.W. Liu, J. Funct. Polym. 22, 282 (2009)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. Palomino, D. Hunkeler, S. Stoll, Polymer 52, 1019 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Mohamad, H. Surikumaran, M. Raoov, T. Marimuthu, K. Chandrasekaram, P. Subramaniam, Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, 6329 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y.P. Chin, S.F. Abdul Raof, S. Sinniah, V.S. Lee, S. Mohamad, N.S. Abdul Manan, J. Mol. Struct. 1083, 236 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    X. Hao, Q. Chang, L. Duan, Y. Zhang, Starch – Stärke 59, 251 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. Fan, Q. Yi, Y. Xie, F. Xie, Q. Zhang, Z. Luo, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133, 28 (2016)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Y. Chen, J. Wang, Nucl. Eng. Des. 242, 452 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    B. Kannamba, K.L. Reddy, B.V. AppaRao, J. Hazard. Mater. 175, 939 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    N. Wang, X. Xu, H. Li, L. Yuan, H. Yu, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 55, 12222 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    A.Z.M. Badruddoza, Z.B.Z. Shawon, W.J.D. Tay, K. Hidajat, M.S. Uddin, Carbohydr. Polym. 91, 322 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    D.H.K. Reddy, S.-M. Lee, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 52, 15789 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    C. Gao, X.-Y. Yu, T. Luo, Y. Jia, B. Sun, J.-H. Liu, X.-J. Huang, J. Mater. Chem. A 2, 2119 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    F. Zhao, E. Repo, D. Yin, Y. Meng, S. Jafari, M. Sillanpää, Environ. Sci. Technol. 49, 10570 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    R.G. Kumar, K.B. Strom, A. Keyvani, Cont. Shelf Res. 30, 2067 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Y. Qi, K.B. Thapa, A.F.A. Hoadley, Chem. Eng. J. 171, 373 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Y. Wang, W. Zhang, J. Zhang, W. Sun, R. Zhang, H. Gu, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 5, 10337 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    S. Tunali, A. Çabuk, T. Akar, Chem. Eng. J. 115, 203 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    V.J. Inglezakis, M.A. Stylianou, D. Gkantzou, M.D. Loizidou, Desalination 210, 248 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    M.T. Alvarez, C. Crespo, B. Mattiasson, Chemosphere 66, 1677 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Changhua He
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qigang Zhou
    • 1
  • Zhengyang Duan
    • 2
  • Xiaojun Xu
    • 2
  • Fuhai Wang
    • 1
  • Hui Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Rongzhi College of Chongqing Technology and Business UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Environmental Science and EngineeringKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingChina

Personalised recommendations