Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 43, Issue 9, pp 5137–5152 | Cite as

The facile synthesis of graphitic carbon nitride from amino acid and urea for photocatalytic H2 production

  • Guosheng Li
  • Jiale Shi
  • Guigang Zhang
  • Yuanxing Fang
  • Masakazu Anpo
  • Xinchen Wang
Article

Abstract

We report on the facile synthesis of g-C3N4 based polymers by co-condensing urea with glycine for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution. The as-prepared photocatalysts were then characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, photoluminescence emission spectrometry, electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy. Compared with pristine g-C3N4, obtained from direct pyrolysis of urea, the CNU-G5 photocatalyst showed largely enhanced photocatalytic H2 activities about 75 μmol h−1, which is 5 times higher than of the pristine CNU. The enhanced activities are ascribed to the larger specific area surface, strengthened optical absorption and improved electron transport ability. Our work opens up a new pathway for the synthesis graphitic carbon nitride photocatalysts with glycine modification to enhance photocatalytic activities.

Keywords

Photocatalysis Graphitic carbon nitride Glycine Co-condensation Hydrogen production 

Supplementary material

11164_2017_3041_MOESM1_ESM.docx (80 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 80 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guosheng Li
    • 1
  • Jiale Shi
    • 1
  • Guigang Zhang
    • 1
  • Yuanxing Fang
    • 1
  • Masakazu Anpo
    • 1
  • Xinchen Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Photocatalysis on Energy and Environment, College of ChemistryFuzhou UniversityFuzhouChina

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